Learning About the World

Mathematics


Number Relationships and Operations -- Number Relationships and Operations

Goal 1:

By the end of each age group or grade level, most children will have met prior age group or grade level standards in this domain.

Infants Through Older Toddlers

Infants

(0-12 Months)

  1. Emerging

Young Toddlers

(9-18 Months)

  1. Use word, sign or gesture to indicate adding “more” to what already have
  2. Demonstrate early one-to-one correspondence (e.g., dropping objects one by one into a bucket)

Older Toddlers

(18-36 Months)

  1. Use mathematical thinking in daily situations (e.g., hold up 2 fingers when asked how old, ask for and take 2 cookies)
  2. Add more objects to a group to make a bigger set (e.g., add more model cars to a pile to have more cars)
  3. Subtract objects from a set and realize have fewer objects (e.g., shares model cars with friend and notices has fewer)
Younger Preschoolers Through Kindergartners

Younger Preschoolers

(36-48 months)

  1. Use various strategies (e.g., counting, matching) to compare groups as having more or fewer objects
  2. Demonstrate knowledge that objects or sets can be combined or separated
  3. Use emerging reasoning skills to determine a solution to a mathematical problem

Older Preschoolers

(48-60 months)

  1. Use simple strategies to solve mathematical problems and communicate how they solved the problems
  2. Combine and separate small groups of objects to make new groupings, and identify the resulting number in the group
  3. Match two equal sets using one-to-one correspondence and understand they are the same
  4. Use a range of strategies such as counting, matching to compare quantity in two sets of objects and describe the relationship with comparative terms (e.g., more, less, fewer, equal)

Kindergartners

  1. No standards in this age group for this Element.
First Graders Through Third Graders

First Graders

  1. No standards in this age group for this Element.

Second Graders

  1. No standards in this age group for this Element.

Third Graders

  1. No standards in this age group for this Element.

Vermont Agency of Education
Secretary Daniel M. French
219 North Main Street, Suite 402
Barre, VT 05641

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