Communication and Expression

Creative Arts and Expression


Visual Arts

Goal 1: Children create art using a variety of tools and art media to express their ideas, feelings, creativity; and develop appreciation of the art created by others.

By the end of each age group or grade level, most children will have met prior age group or grade level standards in this domain.

Infants Through Older Toddlers

Infants

(0-12 Months)

  1. Gaze at pictures, photographs
  2. Show preference for bright colors and contrasting shapes
  3. Hold, touch, and experience different textures of objects

Young Toddlers

(9-18 Months)

  1. Make marks with crayons, markers, and paints
  2. Explore all types of art materials and processes (e.g., paints, modeling clay, or play dough, collage, stamping)
  3. Express creativity using simple art materials (e.g., chalk, finger paints, shaving cream)
  4. Respond to visual arts (e.g., pictures in books, paintings, photographs) and communicate preferences

Older Toddlers

(18-36 Months)

  1. Create 2D and 3D art by experimenting with a variety of art materials (e.g., paint, clay)s
  2. Create representations of real objects in child-initiated art work (e.g., labels scribbles and shapes “mom”)
  3. Demonstrate preference for favorite colors
  4. Use shape of marks or object created to label ideas or movement
  5. Communicate preference of one piece of art over another
Younger Preschoolers Through Kindergartners

Younger Preschoolers

(36-48 months)

  1. Create art that expresses individual creativity by using various materials and techniques
  2. Build 3D shapes with clay and other materials
  3. Explore the properties of art materials and use them purposefully to create an idea or object
  4. Discuss own artistic creations

Older Preschoolers

(48-60 months)

  1. Create artistic works through an open-ended process that reflect thoughts, feelings, experiences, or knowledge
  2. Independently plan and complete artistic creations such as drawings, paintings, collages
  3. Discuss own artistic creations and those of others
  4. Show appreciation for different art forms and the creative work of others

Kindergartners

Skill Development

  1. Create artistic works using line in various media (e.g., pencil, marker, cut-outs) to create shape and image
  2. Handle art tools and materials (e.g., scissors, paintbrushes, adhesives) in their production of art
  3. Use elements of 2D and 3D design
  4. Participate in group art activities (e.g., mural)
  5. Use media and materials to convey feeling or idea through art
  6. Identify different media (e.g., drawing, painting, sculpture)

Reflection and Critique

  1. Use art specific vocabulary (e.g., thick/thin line, circle, square, rectangle, triangle)
  2. Critique art by making affirmative statements (e.g., I like how you mixed colors)

Making Connections

  1. Communicate ideas, feelings from other disciplines through visual arts (e.g., draw growth of seed)

Approach to Work (i.e., Visual Arts)

  1. Demonstrate willingness to participate in art activities)
  2. Use materials and space safely
  3. Participate in individual and/or group art willingly and appropriately
  4. Respond constructively as members of an audience/group
First Graders Through Third Graders

First Graders

Skill Development

  1. Create art by using line in various media to create shape and image
  2. Handle and name art tools and materials
  3. Create art by using elements of 2D and 3D design (e.g., mixing colors to form secondary colors, forming a 3D object with texture)
  4. Demonstrate understanding of art concepts and vocabulary by identifying and using basic elements and principles of design (e.g., texture, pattern, primary and secondary colors)
  5. Name and use different media, genre and techniques (e.g., printmaking, landscape, portrait)
  6. Compare a variety of purposes for making art (e.g., tell a story, communicate emotion, beautify functional objects)

Reflection and Critique

  1. Use art specific vocabulary (e.g., primary, secondary colors, horizontal/vertical lines, pattern, texture, collage, portrait)
  2. Critique by making affirming statements (e.g., I like..)
  3. Critique by asking questions of own work and of the artist

Making Connections

  1. Make connections between the arts by identifying similarities and differences in genres (e.g., sculpture and painting)
  2. Use art to communicate idea, concepts, feelings from other disciplines
  3. Describe what an artist does
  4. Identify how arts have relationship to family and community events

Approach to Work (i.e., Visual Arts)

  1. Demonstrate willingness to participate in art activities
  2. Respond constructively as members of an audience/group
  3. Participate in individual and group art activities

Second Graders

Skill Development

  1. Create art by using line in various media to create shape and image
  2. Handle and name art tools and materials
  3. Create art by using elements of 2D and 3D design (e.g., mixing colors to form secondary colors, forming a 3D object with texture)
  4. Demonstrate understanding of art concepts and vocabulary by identifying and using basic elements and principles of design (e.g., texture, pattern, primary and secondary colors)
  5. Name and use different media, genre and techniques (e.g., printmaking, landscape, portrait)
  6. Compare a variety of purposes for making art (e.g., tell a story, communicate emotion, beautify functional objects)

Reflection and Critique

  1. Use art specific vocabulary (e.g., primary, secondary colors, horizontal/vertical lines, pattern, texture, collage, portrait)
  2. Critique by making affirming statements (e.g., I like..)
  3. Critique by asking questions of own work and of the artist

Making Connections

  1. Make connections between the arts by identifying similarities and differences in genres (e.g., sculpture and painting)
  2. Use art to communicate idea, concepts, feelings from other disciplines
  3. Describe what an artist does
  4. Identify how arts have relationship to family and community events

Approach to Work (i.e., Visual Arts)

  1. Demonstrate willingness to participate in art activities
  2. Respond constructively as members of an audience/group
  3. Participate in individual and group art activities

Third Graders

Skill Development

  1. Create art by demonstrating techniques and process in 2D work
  2. Use various art tools and materials for specific purposes
  3. Use elements of 2D and 3D design
  4. Experiment with media and materials to convey feelings or ideas
  5. Identify and use elements and principles of design (e.g., space, organic shapes)
  6. Identify and use art concepts and vocabulary appropriate to different media, genre, and techniques (e.g., watercolor, still life, symmetry)
  7. Compare motivations and purposes for making art in different times and places

Reflection and Critique

  1. Describe art using specific vocabulary (e.g., warm and cool colors, foreground)
  2. Explain qualities that may evoke emotion and meaning
  3. Compare and contrast works of art including one’s own work
  4. Critique by asking questions and suggesting changes

Making Connections

  1. Connect act to disciplines by demonstrating relationships of different elements
  2. Identify the roles of the arts and artists in the community
  3. Create art based on a culture

Approach to Work (i.e., Visual Arts)

  1. Generate and try out a variety of strategies to address challenges creating art
  2. Demonstrate willingness to participate and see it to completion

Vermont Agency of Education
Secretary Daniel M. French
219 North Main Street, Suite 402
Barre, VT 05641

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