Communication and Expression

Language Development


Receptive Language (Listening)

Goal 1: Young children attend to, comprehend, and respond to increasingly complex language.

By the end of each age group or grade level, most children will have met prior age group or grade level standards in this domain.

Infants Through Older Toddlers

Infants

(0-12 Months)

  1. Turn towards voices and focus on speech directed towards them
  2. Show excitement when hear familiar voices or familiar words (e.g., mama)
  3. Briefly look at the same object that an adult is looking at and talking about

Young Toddlers

(9-18 Months)

  1. Respond to simple requests when accompanied by gestures
  2. Respond to own name
  3. Identify familiar people or objects when asked to do so
  4. Demonstrate receptive vocabulary of 50 or more words in home language

Older Toddlers

(18-36 Months)

  1. Respond to simple requests when not accompanied by gestures
  2. Follow one step directions
  3. Listen to familiar stories and show comprehension by reacting to them
  4. Respond to action words by doing the action
Younger Preschoolers Through Kindergartners

Younger Preschoolers

(36-48 months)

  1. Follow two step directions
  2. Demonstrate understanding of increasingly longer sentences (e.g., compound sentences) in responds or actions
  3. Show evidence of a receptive vocabulary of several hundred words
  4. Demonstrate in responses or actions an understanding of new vocabulary in stories, activities, and conversations

Older Preschoolers

(48-60 months)

  1. Follow multistep directions especially when these are familiar activities (e.g., steps in getting ready to play outdoors)
  2. Demonstrate an understanding of complex statements having 1 or 2 phrases (e.g., Please put the toothbrush in the box under the sink)
  3. Demonstrate an understanding of different language forms such as questions and exclamations
  4. Demonstrate through conversation comprehension of more complex vocabulary (i.e., abstract concepts and words beyond everyday vocabulary)

Kindergartners

  1. No standards in this age group for this Element.
First Graders Through Third Graders

First Graders

  1. No standards in this age group for this Element.

Second Graders

  1. No standards in this age group for this Element.

Third Graders

  1. No standards in this age group for this Element.

Vermont Agency of Education
Secretary Daniel M. French
219 North Main Street, Suite 402
Barre, VT 05641

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