Communication and Expression

Literacy Development


Reading -- Reading Literature

Goal 1: Children demonstrate knowledge of the key ideas and details of stories read to them and which they read, the craft and structure of literature, the ability to integrate knowledge and ideas, and to read a range of text with text complexity appropriate to their grade level.

By the end of each age group or grade level, most children will have met prior age group or grade level standards in this domain.

Infants Through Older Toddlers

Infants

(0-12 Months)

  1. No standards in this age group for this Element.

Young Toddlers

(9-18 Months)

  1. No standards in this age group for this Element.

Older Toddlers

(18-36 Months)

  1. No standards in this age group for this Element.
Younger Preschoolers Through Kindergartners

Younger Preschoolers

(36-48 months)

  1. No standards in this age group for this Element.

Older Preschoolers

(48-60 months)

  1. No standards in this age group for this Element.

Kindergartners

Key Ideas and Details

  1. With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about key details in a text.
  2. With prompting and support, retell familiar stories including details.
  3. With prompting and support, identify characters, settings, and major events in a story.

Craft and Structure

  1. Ask and answer questions about unknown words in a text.
  2. Recognize common types of texts (e.g., storybooks, poems)
  3. With prompting and support, name the author and illustrator of a story and define the role of each in telling the story.

Integration of Knowledge & Ideas

  1. With prompting and support, describe the relationship between illustrations and the story in which they appear (e.g., what moment in a story an illustration depicts).

Range of Reading & Level of Text Complexity

  1. Actively engage in group reading activities with purpose and understanding.
First Graders Through Third Graders

First Graders

Key Ideas and Details

  1. Ask and answer questions about key details in a text.
  2. Retell stories, including key details, and demonstrate understanding of their central message or lesson
  3. Describe characters, settings, and major events in a story, using key details.

Craft and Structure

  1. Identify words and phrases in stories or poems that suggest feelings or appeal to the senses.
  2. Explain major differences between books that tell stories and books that give information, drawing on a wide reading of a range of text types.
  3. Identify who is telling the story at various points in a text.

Integration of Knowledge & Ideas

  1. Use illustrations and details in a story to describe its characters, setting, or events.
  2. Compare and contrast the adventures and experiences of characters in stories.

Range of Reading & Level of Text Complexity

  1. With prompting and support, read prose and poetry of appropriate complexity for grade 1.

Second Graders

Key Ideas and Details

  1. Ask and answer such questions as who, what, where, when, why, and how to demonstrate understanding of key details in a text.
  2. Recount stories, including fables and folktales from diverse cultures, and determine their central message, lesson, or moral.
  3. Describe how characters in a story respond to major events and challenges.

Craft and Structure

  1. Describe how words and phrases (e.g., regular beats, alliteration, rhymes, repeated lines) supply rhythm and meaning in a story, poem, or song.
  2. Describe the overall structure of a story, including describing how the beginning introduces the story and the ending concludes the action.
  3. Acknowledge differences in the points of view of characters, including by speaking in a different voice for each character when reading dialogue aloud.

Integration of Knowledge & Ideas

  1. Use information gained from the illustrations and words in a print or digital text to demonstrate understanding of its characters, setting, or plot.
  2. Compare and contrast two or more versions of the same story (e.g., Cinderella stories) by different authors or from different cultures.

Range of Reading & Level of Text Complexity

  1. By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories and poetry, in the grades 2–3 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.

Third Graders

Key Ideas and Details

  1. Ask and answer questions to demonstrate understanding of a text, referring explicitly to the text as the basis for the answers..
  2. Recount stories, including fables, folktales, and myths from diverse cultures; determine the central message, lesson, or moral and explain how it is conveyed through key details in the text.
  3. Describe characters in a story (e.g., their traits, motivations, or feelings) and explain how their actions contribute to the sequence of events..

Craft and Structure

  1. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, distinguishing literal from nonliteral language.
  2. Refer to parts of stories, dramas, and poems when writing or speaking about a text, using terms such as chapter, scene, and stanza; describe how each successive part builds on earlier sections.
  3. Distinguish their own point of view from that of the narrator or those of the characters.

Integration of Knowledge & Ideas

  1. Explain how specific aspects of a text’s illustrations contribute to what is conveyed by the words in a story (e.g., create mood, emphasize aspects of a character or setting).
  2. Compare and contrast the themes, settings, and plots of stories written by the same author about the same or similar characters (e.g., in books from a series).

Range of Reading & Level of Text Complexity

  1. By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poetry, at the high end of the grades 2–3 text complexity band independently and proficiently.

Vermont Agency of Education
Secretary Daniel M. French
219 North Main Street, Suite 402
Barre, VT 05641

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