Communication and Expression

Literacy Development


Reading -- Reading Informational Text

Goal 1: Children demonstrate knowledge of the key ideas and details of stories read to them and which they read, the craft and structure of informational texts, the ability to integrate knowledge and ideas, and to read a range of text with text complexity appropriate to their grade level.

By the end of each age group or grade level, most children will have met prior age group or grade level standards in this domain.

Infants Through Older Toddlers

Infants

(0-12 Months)

  1. No standards in this age group for this Element.

Young Toddlers

(9-18 Months)

  1. No standards in this age group for this Element.

Older Toddlers

(18-36 Months)

  1. No standards in this age group for this Element.
Younger Preschoolers Through Kindergartners

Younger Preschoolers

(36-48 months)

  1. No standards in this age group for this Element.

Older Preschoolers

(48-60 months)

  1. No standards in this age group for this Element.

Kindergartners

Key Ideas and Details

  1. With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about key details in a text.
  2. With prompting and support, identify the main topic and retell key details of a text.
  3. With prompting and support, describe the connection between two individuals, events, ideas, or pieces of information in a text.

Craft and Structure

  1. With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about unknown words in a text.
  2. Identify the front cover, back cover, and title page of a book.
  3. Name the author and illustrator of a text and define the role of each in presenting the ideas or information in a text.

Integration of Knowledge & Ideas

  1. With prompting and support, describe the relationship between illustrations and the text in which they appear (e.g., what person, place, thing, or idea in the text an illustration depicts).
  2. With prompting and support, identify the reasons an author gives to support points in a text.
  3. With prompting and support, identify basic similarities in and differences between two texts on the same topic (e.g., in illustrations, descriptions, or procedures).

Range of Reading & Level of Text Complexity

  1. Actively engage in group reading activities with purpose and understanding.
First Graders Through Third Graders

First Graders

  1. Key Ideas and Details
  2. Ask and answer questions about key details in a text.
  3. Identify the main topic and retell key details of a text.
  4. Describe the connection between two individuals, events, ideas, or pieces of information in a text.
  5. Craft and Structure
  6. Ask and answer questions to help determine or clarify the meaning of words and phrases in a text..
  7. Know and use various text features (e.g., headings, tables of contents, glossaries, electronic menus, icons) to locate key facts or information in a text.
  8. Distinguish between information provided by pictures or other illustrations and information provided by the words in a text.
  9. Integration of Knowledge & Ideas
  10. Use the illustrations and details in a text to describe its key ideas.
  11. Identify the reasons an author gives to support points in a text.
  12. Identify basic similarities in and differences between two texts on the same topic (e.g., in illustrations, descriptions, or procedures).Integrate information from two texts on the same topic in order to write or speak about the subject knowledgeably.
  13. Range of Reading & Level of Text Complexity
  14. With prompting and support, read informational texts appropriately complex for grade 1.

Second Graders

  1. Key Ideas and Details
  2. Ask and answer such questions as who, what, where, when, why, and how to demonstrate understanding of key details in a text.
  3. Identify the main topic of a multiparagraph text as well as the focus of specific paragraphs within the text.
  4. Describe the connection between a series of historical events, scientific ideas or concepts, or steps in technical procedures in a text.
  5. Craft and Structure
  6. Determine the meaning of words and phrases in a text relevant to a grade 2 topic or subject area.
  7. Know and use various text features (e.g., captions, bold print, subheadings, glossaries, indexes, electronic menus, icons) to locate key facts or information in a text efficiently.
  8. Identify the main purpose of a text, including what the author wants to answer, explain, or describe.
  9. Integration of Knowledge & Ideas
  10. Explain how specific images (e.g., a diagram showing how a machine works) contribute to and clarify a text.
  11. Describe how reasons support specific points the author makes in a text.
  12. Compare and contrast the most important points presented by two texts on the same topic.
  13. Range of Reading & Level of Text Complexity
  14. By the end of year, read and comprehend informational texts, including history/social studies, science, and technical texts, in the grades 2–3 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.

Third Graders

  1. Key Ideas and Details
  2. Ask and answer questions to demonstrate understanding of a text, referring explicitly to the text as the basis for the answers.
  3. Determine the main idea of a text; recount the key details and explain how they support the main idea.
  4. Describe the relationship between a series of historical events, scientific ideas or concepts, or steps in technical procedures in a text, using language that pertains to time, sequence, and cause/effect.
  5. Craft and Structure
  6. Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words and phrases in a text relevant to a grade 3 topic or subject area.
  7. Use text features and search tools (e.g., key words, sidebars, hyperlinks) to locate information relevant to a given topic efficiently.
  8. Distinguish their own point of view from that of the author of a text..
  9. Integration of Knowledge & Ideas
  10. Use information gained from illustrations (e.g., maps, photographs) and the words in a text to demonstrate understanding of the text (e.g., where, when, why, and how key events occur).
  11. Describe the logical connection between particular sentences and paragraphs in a text (e.g., comparison, cause/effect, first/second/third in a sequence).
  12. Compare and contrast the most important points and key details presented in two texts on the same topic.
  13. Range of Reading & Level of Text Complexity
  14. By the end of the year, read and comprehend informational texts, including history/social studies, science, and technical texts, at the high end of the grades 2–3 text complexity band independently and proficiently.

Vermont Agency of Education
Secretary Daniel M. French
219 North Main Street, Suite 402
Barre, VT 05641

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